Tattoos and Tattoo Removal

Tattoo artists inject ink into the canvas of the skin, and this ink lies in the deepest layer of the skin (reticular dermis).  The tattoo needle penetrates through the upper layers of the skin (epidermis) thereby pushing ink into the lower dermal layer. 

The vibration of the tattoo gun is literally dozens of needles penetrating the skin at approximately 500 to 2000 times a minute.  Once the ink is placed into the deeper layers of the skin, it evokes an inflammatory process.
The process behind laser tattoo removal involves removing ink that is stationary.   When tattooing, the ink stays in the area where it is placed as once the ink is in the deeper layers of the skin it stimulates your body's immune response to create a cascade of events.  Cells known as macrophages then ingest the ink and remain in the area.   Ink particles are encapsulated in these cells, and it takes several days to weeks before ink is stable. 

Laser tattoo removal shatters the large particles of ink into smaller ones, in turn stimulating these macrophages or scavenger cells to carry the lasered ink away. This is why laser tattoo removal takes time!

Multi-coloured Tattoo Removal

For multi-coloured tattoo removal, the laser delivers a specific wavelength to target a particular colour.   This is where the science of tattoo removal comes in and where the specialist Unink team have a thorough understanding of the tattoo removal process for each individual tattoo we remove.
The visible tattoo can be seen with the naked eye, however, layered tattoos are actually several different colours with endless combinations. Here, a black laser removal beam will treat the black portion of the tattoo to reveal what lies under, or mixed in, and then another wavelength is used to treat the secondary colour.

Tattoo Shading Removal

Shading is often seen in both traditional tattoos and newer trends, such as Japanese tattoos.  The density of ink is less in shaded tattoos, resulting in fewer treatments for removal. Tattoo outlines are generally denser than the inside of the tattoo. 

Tattoo Location

Cancer patients - free laser tattoo removal

Tattoo location is one of the predictive values for the number of laser treatments required for tattoo removal or fading. As it is your lymphatics or immune system that actually carries the ink particles away, tattoos further from your head and neck, for example, will require more procedures than tattoos close to your lymphatics. 

The experienced Unink team can guide and advise in relation to the number of sessions required for tattoo removal or fading. 

Large Tattoo Removal

With today’s trend nowadays of large tattoos, complete tattoo removal is still possible, however, the process would be lengthy, even taking a number of years!

For most people, tattoo modification may be a more realistic option, where a portion of the large tattoo is treated, however, the rate-limiting factor is your body's immune system. 

Small tattoos can be removed more easily by your body's own immune system, whereas larger tattoos are highly dependent on your body's immune system, namely the macrophages in your lymphatics which carry out the broken ink after laser tattoo removal.  In this regard, the larger the surface area, the more sessions are needed and the slower your tattoo removal process.

In a nutshell, tattoo removal can work only as fast as your immune system!

Ink Quality & Tattoo Removal

Cancer patients - free laser tattoo removal

In tattoos, we see colour rather than particle size, and previously tattoo removal was more predictable due to limited ink colour.  Today, a black tattoo signifies the colour but does not signify the particle size.  Large particle sizes mixed with small particle sizes increases the complexity of laser tattoo removal.

As laser tattoo removal works by shattering the pigment into smaller particles, large particles may require a different pulse duration.  To the naked eye, we see colour but not actual particle size. 

Unink – Specialist Tattoo Removal

Tattoo removal is a complex process dependant on a variety of factors including size, location, density, colour, layering, skin condition, and your immune system.

For these reasons, choosing a specialist tattoo removal clinic is essential for successful outcomes.

The Unink team are trained in and understand the science behind tattoos and tattoo removal.